Revista de Metalurgia, Vol 48, No 5 (2012)

El comportamiento de la corrosión de los metales y aleaciones nanogranulados


https://doi.org/10.3989/revmetalm.1243

P. Herrasti
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Facultad de Ciencias. Departamento de Química-Física, España

C. Ponce de León
Electrochemical Engineering Laboratory, National Centre for Advanced Tribology, School of Engineering Sciences, University of Southampton, Reino Unido

F. C. Walsh
Electrochemical Engineering Laboratory, National Centre for Advanced Tribology, School of Engineering Sciences, University of Southampton, Reino Unido

Resumen


En la última década ha habido un gran interes en las propiedades de materiales nanocristalinos. Estos materiales incluyen metales y aleaciones con un tamaño de cristal del orden de 1 a 100 nm. El interes por estos materiales es debido a las grandes diferencias en cuanto a sus propiedades electricas, opticas y magneticas, asi como a su alta capacidad de adsorción y reactividad química en relación a los mismos materiales con tamaños de grano mayores. En este trabajo se ha investigado y comparado la corrosión de materiales nano y microcristalinos de similar composición química. Principalmente se ha centrado en la corrosión de metales tales como niquel, cobre, cobalto y aleaciones de hierro. Se ha comprobado que los diferentes comportamientos frente al proceso de corrosión están intimamente ligados con los bordes de grano y el tamaño de dichos granos.

Palabras clave


Aleaciones; Corrosión; Metales; Nanocristales

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Referencias


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