Revista de Metalurgia, Vol 51, No 2 (2015)

Adhesión de osteoblastos sobre una superficie de Ti de rugosidad controlada


https://doi.org/10.3989/revmetalm.044

Laura Burgos-Asperilla
Department of Applied Physical Chemistry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, España

M. Cristina García-Alonso
Department of Applied Physical Chemistry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid - Department of Surface Engineering, Corrosion and Durability, National Centre for Metallurgical Research (CENIM-CSIC), España

M. Lorenza Escudero
Department of Applied Physical Chemistry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid - Department of Surface Engineering, Corrosion and Durability, National Centre for Metallurgical Research (CENIM-CSIC), España

Concepción Alonso
Department of Applied Physical Chemistry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, España

Resumen


En este trabajo, se ha estudiado la interacción in situ entre células osteoblásticas Saos-2 y una superficie de Ti de rugosidad controlada a lo largo del tiempo. El estudio de la cinética y los mecanismos de proliferación celular de adhesión se ha realizado a través de la microbalanza de cristal de cuarzo (QCM) y espectroscopía de impedancia electroquímica (EIS). La velocidad de adhesión de los osteoblastos sobre la superficie de Ti obtenida a través de medidas con la QCM, sigue una reacción de primer orden, con k=2×10−3 min−1. Los ensayos de impedancia indican que, en ausencia de las células, la resistencia del Ti disminuye con el tiempo (7 días), debido a la presencia de aminoácidos y proteínas del medio de cultivo que se han adsorbido, mientras que en presencia de células, esta disminución es mucho mayor debido a los productos metabólicos generados por las células que aceleran la disolución del Ti.

Palabras clave


Espectroscopia de impedancia electroquímica; Microbalanza de cristal de cuarzo; Osteoblastos Saos-2; Titanio

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