Development of Fe-based nanocrystalline materials by mechanical alloying


  • J. J. Suñol GRMT, Dept. de Física. Universitat de Girona
  • A. González GRMT, Dept. de Física. Universitat de Girona
  • L. Escoda GRMT, Dept. de Física. Universitat de Girona
  • M. T. Mora GFM I, Dept. de Física. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona



Fe-based alloys, Mechanical alloying, Nanocrystalline alloys


Two alloys, Fe80NbB10 and Fe70Ni14Zr6B10, were produced by mechanical alloying. The formation of the nanocrystallites (about 7-8 nm at 80h MA) was detected by X-ray diffraction. After milling for 80 h, differential scanning calorimetry scans show low-temperature recovery processes and several crystallization processes related with crystal growth and reordering of crystalline phases. The apparent activation energy values are 315 ± 40 kJ mol–1 for alloy A, and 295 ± 20 kJ mol–1 and 320 ± 25 kJ mol–1 for alloy B. Furthermore, a melt-spun Fe-based ribbon was mechanically alloyed to obtain a powdered-like alloy. The increase of the rotation speed and the ball-to-powder weight ratio reduces the necessary time to obtain the powdered form.


Download data is not yet available.


[1] H. Gleiter, Prog. Mater. Sci. 33 (1989) 223-315. doi:10.1016/0079-6425(89)90001-7

[2] J.S. Benjamin, Metall. Trans. 1 (1970) 2943.

[3] E. Gaffet, N. Malhouroux and M. Abdellaoui, J. Alloys Compd. 194 (1993) 339-360. doi:10.1016/0925-8388(93)90020-N

[4] C.C. Koch and J.D. Whittenberger, Intermetallics, 4 (1996) 339-355. doi:10.1016/0966-9795(96)00001-5

[5] J. Balogh, T. Kemeny, I. Vincze, L. Budjoso, L. Toth and G. Vincze, J. Apply. Phys. 77 (1995) 4997-5003.

[6] F.G. Cuevas, J.M. Montes, J. Cintas and J.M. Gallardo, Rev. Metal. Madrid 41 (2005) 83-88.

[7] M. López, C. Camurri, V. Vergara and J.A. Jiménez, Rev. Metal. Madrid 41 (2005) 308- 312.

[8] M.E. Mchenry, M.A. Willard and D.E. Laughlin, Prog. Mater. Sci. 44 (1999) 291-433. doi:10.1016/S0079-6425(99)00002-X

[9] K. Tadakate, A. Kojima, A. Makino and A. Inoue. Scripta Mater. 44 (2001) 1401-1405. doi:10.1016/S1359-6462(01)00839-9

[10] J.S. Garitaonandia, P. Gorria, L. Fernández- Barquín and J.M. Barandiarán, Phys. Rev. B 26-9 (2000) 6150-6155. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.61.6150

[11] M. Pekala, M. Jachimowicz, V.I. Fadeeva, H. Matija and A. Grabias, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 287 (2001) 380-384. doi:10.1016/S0022-3093(01)00602-0

[12] J.J. Suñol, A. Gonzalez, T. Pradell, P. Bruna, M.T. Mora and N. Clavaguera. Mater. Sci. Eng. A 375 (2004) 881-887. doi:10.1016/j.msea.2003.10.195

[13] J.J. Suñol, A. González and J. Saurina, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 72 (2003) 329-335. doi:10.1023/A:1023908912033

[14] J.J. Suñol, N. Clavaguera and M.T. Clavaguera- Mora, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 287 (2001) 114-119. doi:10.1016/S0022-3093(01)00568-3

[15] J.J. Suñol, T. Pradell, N. Clavaguera and M.T. Clavaguera-Mora, J. Metast. Nanocryst. Mater. 10 (2001) 525-530.

[16] P. Duhaj, I. Matko, P. Svec, J. Sitek and D. Janickovic, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 39 (1996) 208- 215. doi:10.1016/0921-5107(96)01573-5

[17] A-H. Mansourand J. Barry, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 17 (1998) 1125-1127. doi:10.1023/A:1006656916549

[18] A.L. Greer, Acta Metall. 30 (1982) 171-192. doi:10.1016/0001-6160(82)90056-6

[19] B.D. Cullity, Introduction to Magnetic Materials, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Eds., Massachusetts, USA, 1972.

[20] R. Juárez, J.J. Suñol, R. Berlanga, J. Bonastre, L. Escoda, J. Alloys Compd. (2007) 472-476. doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2006.08.108

[21] I. Börner and J. Eckert, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 226/228 (1997) 541-545. doi:10.1016/S0921-5093(97)80063-9

[22] W. Lu, L. Yang, B. Yan, W-H. Huang and B. Lu, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 292 (2005) 299-303. doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2004.11.144

[23] W. Lu, L. Yang, B. Yan, W-H. Huang and B. Lu, J. Alloy Compd. 413 (2006) 85-89.

[24] J.J. Suñol, A. González, P. Bruna, T. Pradell, N. Clavaguera and M.T. Mora, Mater. Sci. Forum 426 (2003) 1927-1932.




How to Cite

Suñol, J. J., González, A., Escoda, L., & Mora, M. T. (2008). Development of Fe-based nanocrystalline materials by mechanical alloying. Revista De Metalurgia, 44(3), 216–221.




Most read articles by the same author(s)