Characterization of dual-phase steels obtained by hot-rolling


  • A. Monsalve G. Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Depto. Ingeniería Metalúrgica
  • A. Artigas A. Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Depto. Ingeniería Metalúrgica
  • F. Castro C. Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Depto. Ingeniería Metalúrgica
  • R. Colás Facultad de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León
  • Y. Houbaert Department of Metallurgy and Materials Science, University of Ghent



Steels, Dual-Phase, Hot-rolling, Textures, Drawing


Samples were obtained from C-Mn-Si steel available in the market. Through a hot rolling and coiling process, it was possible to obtain Dual-Phase steel with microstructural and mechanical properties in the theoretical range typical of this material. The thermomechanical process consisted of a strong reduction by multiples pass of hot rolling at temperatures above Ar3, controlled-cooling the sheets during 5 s (at a rate of 20 °C/s in the equilibrium range α+γ. Temperature Ar3 measured by differential scanning calorimetry was 890 °C. Quenching was then carried out in the coiling temperatures range (500-675 °C), cooling the samples in accordance to an established curve that corresponds to the actual cooling curve of a coil. The microstructural characterization of the samples obtained was carried out by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. Additionally, texture measurements were carried out by X-ray diffraction in order to study the resulting orientations due to the finishing rolling temperature and coiling temperature, determining the influence on these parameters of the different texture components. The microstructural results were complemented with the normal and planar anisotropy indexes measured in according to the ASTM E-517 standard. The intensities of the different texture components were correlated with the values of anisotropy indexes, finding that it is possible to obtain only a slightly enhancement in the normal anisotropy index through an appropriate combination of finish rolling and coiling temperatures.


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How to Cite

Monsalve G., A., Artigas A., A., Castro C., F., Colás, R., & Houbaert, Y. (2011). Characterization of dual-phase steels obtained by hot-rolling. Revista De Metalurgia, 47(1), 5–14.




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