Recovery of copper ion by flotation with potassium amylxanthate


  • B. Ramírez-Serrano Instituto Superior Minero Metalúrgico
  • A. L. Coello-Velázquez Instituto Superior Minero Metalúrgico
  • A. Bernardo Escuela Politécnica de Mieres
  • E. Afif Escuela Politécnica de Mieres
  • J. M. Menéndez-Aguado Escuela Politécnica de Mieres



Amylxanthate, Copper complex, Column flotation, Precipitate flotation


In this paper a study about the column flotation process of copper ion employing potassium amylxanthate as collector reagent is carried out. The effect on the recovery of copper ion by the modification of variables such as collector/metal relation and surface velocity of gas and liquid was determined experimentally by the analysis of the statistic-mathematical model of the copper flotation process, as well as the physico-chemical phenomena that take place, showing the effect of the collector/metal relation in the process. The effect of pH as the main properties of the chemical system in the recovery and the kinetic of the flotation process is made too. The experimental results shows that the recovery of copper in the pH range of 4,5 - 12 is possible with prevalence of precipitate flotation.


Download data is not yet available.


S. Babel y T. A. Kurniawan, J. Hazard. Mater. B97 (2003) 219-243.

F. Fu, H. Zeng y Q. Cai, Chemosphere 69 (2007) 1.783-1.789.

J. M. Sun, S. Y. Chang, R. Li y J. C. Huang, Sep. Purif. Technol. 56 (2007) 57-62.

M. A. Barakat, Arabian J. Chem. (2010) 1-17.

T. A. Kurniawan, Y. S. Gilbert, Chan, W.-H. Lo y S. Babel, Chem. Eng. J. 118 (2006) 83-98.

M. Reyes, F. J. Tavera, R. Escudero, F. Patiño, E. Salinas y I. Rivera, Rev. Metal. Madrid 46 (2010) 109-120.

J. Rubio, M. L. Souza y S. W. Smith, Miner. Eng. 15 (2002) 139-155.

A. Mahiroglu, E. Tarlan-Yel y M. F. Sevimli, J. Hazard. Mater. 166 (2009) 782-787. PMid:19147282

M. Santander, P. Tapia, O. Pávez, L. Valderrama y D. Guzmán, Rev. Metal. Madrid 45 (2009) 365-374.

F. M. Doyle, Int. J. Miner. Process. 72 (2003) 387 -399.

K. A. Matis y A. I. Zouboulis, Sep. Purif. Methods 36 (2001) 3.777-3.800.

K. A. Matis y P. Mavros, Sep. Purif. Methods 20 (1991) 1- 48.

A. Azareño, P. A. Núñez, E. León, M. Morales, J. Jara y J. L. Rendón, Revista del Instituto de Investigación de la Facultad de Ingeniería Geológica, Minera, Metalúrgica y Geográfica 6 (2003) 82-90.

N. K. Lazaridis, E. N. Peleka, T. D. Karapantsios y K. A. Matis, Hydrometallurgy 74 (2004) 149-156.

A. A. Abramov y K. S. E. Forssberg, Miner. Process. Ext. Met. Rev 26 (2005) 77- 143.

S. R. Rao, Xanthates and related compounds; 1 ed.; Marcell Dekker: New York, 1971, pp. 1-504.

G. W. Poling In Flotation-A. M. Gaudin Memorial; Fuerstenau, M. C., Ed.; SME/AIME: New York, 1976, p. 334.

G. A. Stalidis, K. A. Matis y N. K. Lazaridis, Sep. Sci. Technol. 24 (1989) 97 - 109.

R. N. Tipman y J. Leja, Colloid Polym. Sci. 253 (1975) 4-10.

I. Iwasaki y S. R. B. Cooke, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80 (1958) 285-288.

Z. Sun y W. Forsling, Miner. Eng. 10 (1997) 389-400.

J. Leja, Surface Chemistry of Froth Flotation; Plenum: New York, 1982, pp.1-228.

N. K. Lazaridis, K. A. Matis, G. A. Stalidis y P. Mavros, Sep. Sci. Technol. 27 (1992) 1.743-1.758.

I. Kakovsky In 2nd International Conference on Surface Activity. Butterworths, London, 1957; Vol. 4, pp. 225-237.

J. Simpson, D. Jordán, G. Cifuentes, A. Morales y L. Briones, Rev. Metal 46 (2010) 101-108.

V. A. Ignatkina, V. Samygin, D, y V. A. Bocharov, J. Min. Sci. 45 (2009) 75-79.

P. de Donato, J. M. Cases, M. Kongolo, A. Cartier y J. L. Rivail, Int. J. Miner. Process. 25 (1989) 1-16.

[28] F. J. Tavera, R. Escudero, A. Uribe y J. A. Finch, Afinidad 2000, LVII, pp. 415- 423.

[29] J. A. Finch y G. S. Dobby, Column flotation; 1st ed.; Pergamon Press: Oxford, 1990, pp. 1-179.

[30] B. Ramírez, J. Tavera y R. Escudero, Min. Geol. 24 (2008) 1-21.

[31] R. Escudero y F. J. Tavera, Trans. Instn Min. Metall. Sec C: Miner Process. Extr. Metall. 111/Proc (2002) 143-148.

[32] S. Shirsat, A. Mandal, G. Kundu y D. Mukherjee, Int. J. Chem. React. Eng. 84 (2003) 38-43.

[33] M. Massinaei, M. Kolahdoozan, M. Noaparast, M. Oliazadeh, J. Yianatos, R. Shamsadini y M. Yarahmadi, Miner. Eng. 22 (2009) 272-278.

[34] A. Uribe S, D. Vazquez V, R. Pérez G y F. Nava A, Miner. Eng. 12 (1999) 937-948.

[35] M. Yahyaei, S. Banisi y H. Javani, Sep. Sci. Technol. (2006) 3.609-3.617.

[36] M. A. Bennett, S. P. Luke, X. Jia, R. W. West y R. A. Williams In 1st World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography; Buxton, Greater Manchester 1999, pp. 54-61.

[37] R. C. Chen, J. Reese y L. S. Fan, AICHE J. 40 (1994) 1.093-1.104.

[38] I. C. Hamilton y R. Woods, Int. J. Miner. Process. 17 (1986) 113-120.

[39] J. S. Duncan, Introduction to colloid & surface chemistry; 4ta ed.; Butterworth Heinemann: New York, 1992, p. 306.

[40] B. Ramírez, R. Escudero y F. J. Tavera, Min. Geol. 25 (2009) 1.

[41] R. D. Crozier, Flotation: theory, reagents and ore testing; 1 ed.; Pergamon Press plc: Great Britain, 1992, pp.1-343.

[42] R. P. King, Principles of flotation; 1 ed.; South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: Johannesburg., 1982, pp. 1-268.

[43] B. Ramírez, R. Escudero, F. Tavera y G. Ruiz In Sohn International Symposium “Advanced processing of metals and materials”; TMS (The Minerals, Metals &Materials Society: San Diego, 2006; Vol. 3 Thermo and physicochemical principles: special materials and aqueous and electrochemical processing, p. 547.




How to Cite

Ramírez-Serrano, B., Coello-Velázquez, A. L., Bernardo, A., Afif, E., & Menéndez-Aguado, J. M. (2012). Recovery of copper ion by flotation with potassium amylxanthate. Revista De Metalurgia, 48(4), 254–263.




Most read articles by the same author(s)