Characterization of iron nugget produced from iron ore concentrate in a microwave oven using a biomass-based reductant

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/revmetalm.250

Keywords:

Biomass, Carbonized tea plant waste, Composite pellet, Iron nugget, Magnetite, Microwave reduction

Abstract


This study is concerned with the characterization of iron nuggets obtained from the reduction of an iron oxide concentrate in a microwave oven using a biomass-based reducing agent. In the experiments, the concentrate of iron ore consisting of hematite and magnetite minerals supplied from Elazig region and containing 67.29% Fe after enrichment, and as a reducing agent, tea plant wastes containing 94.68% C and 0.03% S after carbonization was used. Carbon required for the reduction of iron oxides to iron was stoichiometrically added to the concentrate with a grain size of -45 µm after its basicity ratio was adjusted. The composite pellets produced after the addition of reducing agent and flux (CaO) were subjected to reduction in a household microwave oven at different times. After the process, optimum (Fe3O4+Fe2O3)/C=1/4, basicity ratio (CaO+MgO)/(SiO2+Al2O3) =1.2 results were obtained. It was seen that the metallic part contained 96.6% Fe, 2.4% C after being separated from the slag and that the metallic phase was separated from the slag very easily. As a result of the microstructure investigations, it was found that the product obtained had similar properties to white cast iron properties.

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Published

2023-12-30

How to Cite

Boyrazli, M., Aranci Öztürk, E., Emre Benkli, Y. ., & Aksu Canbay, C. (2023). Characterization of iron nugget produced from iron ore concentrate in a microwave oven using a biomass-based reductant. Revista De Metalurgia, 59(4), e250. https://doi.org/10.3989/revmetalm.250

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