Simulation of a DC electric arc furnace for steelmaking: study in the arc and bath regions


  • Marco Aurelio Ramírez Argáez División de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación. Programa de Graduados en Materiales del Instituto Tecnológico de Morelia
  • Luis Gerardo Trápaga Martínez Laboratorio de Investigación en Materiales CINVESTAV-IPN Unidad Querétaro



Mathematical modeling, Fluid flow, Heat transfer, Electric arc, Gas inyection, Steelmaking, Electric arc furnace,


A mathematical model was developed to describe fluid flow, heat transfer, and electromagnetic phenomena in the arc and bath regions of DC Electric Arc Furnaces (DCEAF). The model is used to examine the effect on flow patterns and temperature distribution in the bath, under the influence of both an arc and bottom argon injection in steel or steel/slag systems. Validation of the model employed experimental measurements from systems physically related to DC-EAF from literature. For the conditions analyzed, electromagnetic forces dominate the fluid motion in the bath. Buoyancy and shear forces from the arc have a negligible effect in driving the flow; however, they partially counteract the electromagnetic forces. Slag decreases fluid motion in the steel and enhances temperature stratification in the system. Stirring of the bath, using a 3-nozzle inert gas injection system, is found to promote temperature uniformity in the regions near the lateral wall of the furnace.


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How to Cite

Ramírez Argáez, M. A., & Trápaga Martínez, L. G. (2001). Simulation of a DC electric arc furnace for steelmaking: study in the arc and bath regions. Revista De Metalurgia, 37(3), 445–458.