Oxidation behaviour at 1123 K of AISI 304-Ni/Al-Al2O3/TiO2 multilayer system deposited by flame spray


  • K. A. Habib Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas Industriales y Diseño, Universitat Jaume I
  • J. J. Saura Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas Industriales y Diseño, Universitat Jaume I
  • C. Ferrer Departamento de Ing. Mecánica y de Materiales, UPV
  • M. S. Damra Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas Industriales y Diseño, Universitat Jaume I
  • I. Cervera Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas Industriales y Diseño, Universitat Jaume I




AISI 304, Coupling layer Ni-Al, Alumina-titania layers, Flame spray, High temperature oxidation


The oxidation behaviour of alumina/titania (97/3, 87/13 and 60/40) ceramic coatings using a Ni-Al coupling layer was studied in a thermobalance. Both layers were deposited on an AISI 304 stainless steel base metal by the flame spray technique. The coated steel was heated from room temperature to 1,123 K at 40 K min –1, oxidized in air for 50 h, and then cooled to room temperature at 40 K min–1. The mass gain was mainly attributed to the oxidation of Ni-Al coupling layer. Kinetic laws, DW·S –1 (mg.mm–2) vs. time (hours) were close to a parabolic plot for each sample. Surface composition of ceramic top layer and the cross section of multilayer system were analysed using a wide range of experimental techniques including Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), equipped with a link energy dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-Ray diffraction (XRD) before and after the oxidation process. Coatings 97/3 and 87/13 presented a stable structure after flame spray deposition and they did not evolve with the oxidation process, while most of the 60/40 coating changed to a metastable structure after deposition and to a more stable structure after oxidation with high micro-cracks content. SEM and EDX microanalysis of the cross-sections showed that significant oxidation and a weak intergranular precipitation had been produced in the coupling layer and on the stainless steel base metal, respectively.


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How to Cite

Habib, K. A., Saura, J. J., Ferrer, C., Damra, M. S., & Cervera, I. (2011). Oxidation behaviour at 1123 K of AISI 304-Ni/Al-Al2O3/TiO2 multilayer system deposited by flame spray. Revista De Metalurgia, 47(2), 126–137. https://doi.org/10.3989/revmetalmadrid.1003




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