Production of steel 1006 wire reinforced aluminum base composite by explosive welding




Aluminum alloys, AUTODYN, Composite, Steel 1006 wire reinforcement, Weldability


Aluminum base composites are manufactured in a variety of methods, such as hot rolling, powder metallurgy and explosive welding. The explosive welding is one of the newest methods of Aluminum base composite productions. In this study, aluminum plates were reinforced with steel wires through the explosive welding. Using the numerical simulation and the weldability window of the appropriate parameters were determined. Verification of the results was done using experimental data. Samples were evaluated by a light microscope. The metallography results showed that the composite obtained excellent bonding quality of the interface with no crack. The weldability window and the simulation results agreed very well with the experimental data.


Download data is not yet available.


Aizawa, Y., Nishiwaki, J., Harada, Y., Muraishi, S., Kumai, S. (2016). Experimental and numerical analysis of the forma­tion behavior of intermediate layers at explosive welded Al/Fe joint interfaces. J. Manuf. Process. 24, 100-106.

Akbari Mousavi, S.A.A., Al-Hassani, S.T.S. (2008). Finite ele­ment simulation of explosively-driven plate impact with application to explosive welding. Mater. Design 29 (1), 1-19.

Bataev, I.A., Bataev, A.A., Mali, V.I., Pavliukova, D.V. (2012). Structural and mechanical properties of metallic-interme­tallic laminate composites produced by explosive welding and annealing. Mater. Design 35, 225-334.

Cowan, G.R., Bergmann, O.R., Holtzman, A.H. (1971). Mecha­nism of bond zone wave formation in explosion-clad met­als. Metall. Mater. Trans. B. 2, 3145-3155.

Deribas, A. (1972). Physics of explosive hardening and welding. Nauka, Novosibirsk, USSR.

Gülenc, B., Kaya, Y., Durgutlu, A., Gülenc, I.T., Yildirim, M.S., Kahraman, N. (2016). Production of wire rein­forced composite materials through explosive welding. Arch. Civ. Mech. Eng. 16 (1), 1-8.

Honh-bo, X., Shao-gang, W., Hai-feng, B. (2014). Microstruc­ture and mechanical properties of Ti/Al explosive cladding. Mater. Design 56, 1014-1019.

Hoseini-Athar, M.M., Tolaminejad, B. (2015). Weldability win­dow and the effect of interface morphology on the prop­erties of Al/Cu/Al laminated composites fabricated by explosive welding. Mater. Design 86, 516-525.

Huagui, H., Jichao, W., Wenwen, L. (2017). Mechanical proper­ties and reinforced mechanism of the stainless steel wire mesh-reinforced Al-matrix composite plate fabricated by twin-roll casting. Adv. Mech. Eng. 9 (6), 1-9.

Khanzadeh, M.R., Bakhtiari, H., Seyedi, M., Ahmadi, H.R. (2017). Simulation and welding window of three layers explosively bonded AA5083 and AA1050 aluminum alloys to carbon steel. J. Energ. Mater. 12 (3), 139-152.

Li, Y., Liu, C., Yu, H., Zhao, F., Wu, Zh. (2017). Numerical simulation of Ti/Al bimetal composite fabricated by explo­sive welding. Metals. 7 (10), 407.

Los, I.S., Khorin, A.V., Troshkina, E.G., Guskov, M.S. (2010). Al-Cu composite by explosive welding. X international symposium on explosive production of new materials: Sci­ence, Technology, Business and Innovations (EPNM-2010). Bechichi, Montenegro, pp.1-14.

Mendes, R., Ribeiro, J.B., Loureiro, A. (2013). Effect of explo­sive characteristics on the explosive welding of stainless steel to carbon steel in cylindrical configuration. Mater. Design 51, 182-192.

Nassiri, A., Chini, G.P., Kinsey, B.L. (2015a). Arbitrary lagrang­ian Eulerian FEA method to predict wavy pattern and weldability window during magnetic pulsed welding. Pro­ceedings of the ASME 2015 Inter. MSEC2015-9442, pp. 8-12.

Nassiri, A., Chini, G., Vivek, A., Daehn, G., Kinsey, B. (2015b). Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian finite element simulation and experimental investigation of wavy interfacial morphology during high velocity impact welding. Mater. Design 88, 345-358.

Patterson, R. (1993). Fundamentals of explosion welding. ASM Handbook, pp. 60-164.

Pronichev, D.V., Gurevich, L.M., Trykov, Y.P., Trunov, M.D. (2016). Investigation on contact melting of Cu/Al lami­nated composite. Rev. Metal. 52 (4), e079.

Ribeiro, J.B., Mendes, R., Loureiro, A. (2014). Review of the weldability window concept and equation for explosive welding. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 500 (5), 052038.

Roudbari, M., Mehdipoor, A., Azarafza, R. (2013). Heat treat­ment of stainless steel 316L- titanium bimetal manufactured by explosive welding. IRJABS 7 (10), 687-692.

Song, J., Raabe, D., Eggeler, G. (2011). Microstructure and properties of interfaces formed by explosion cladding of titanium to low carbon steel. Ph.D. Thesis, Ruhr-Univer­sity Bochum, Germany.

Wittman, R. (1973). The influence of collision parameters on the strength and microstructure of an explosion welded aluminum alloy. Proceedings of 2nd Symposium on Use of Explosive Energy in Manufacturing Metallic Materials of New Properties and Possibilities of Application thereof in the Chemical Industry, pp. 153-168.

Xunzhong, G., Jie, T., Wentao, W., Huaguan, L., Chen, W. (2013). Effects of the inner mould material on the alu­minium-316L stainless steel explosive clad pipe. Mater. Design 49, 116- 122.

Yingbin, L., Chao, L., Xiaoyan, H., Chufan, Y., Tiansheng, L. (2017). Explosive welding of copper to high nitrogen austenitic stainless steel. Metals 9 (3), 339. h

Zakharenko, I., Zlobin, B. (1983). Effect of the hardness of welded materials on the position of the lower limit of explosive welding combust. Combust. Explos. Shock Waves 19, 689-692.

Zamani, E., Lighat, G.H. (2012). Explosive welding of Stainless Steel-Carbon steel coaxial pipes. J. Mater. Sci. 47, 685-695.



How to Cite

Roudbari, M., Refahati, N., & Mehdipour Omrani, A. (2020). Production of steel 1006 wire reinforced aluminum base composite by explosive welding. Revista De Metalurgia, 56(2), e165.