The removal of toxic metals from liquid effluents by ion exchange resins. Part X: Antimony(III) /H+/Ionac SR7
Keywords:Antimony(III), Ionac SR7, Liquid effluents, Multiwalled carbon nanotubes, Removal
The present work investigates the removal of Sb(III) from acidic aqueous solution by the ion exchange resin Ionac SR7. Several experimental parameters were considered in the study: stirring speed of the system (280–1000 min-1), temperature (20–60 °C), aqueous acidity (0.1–2 M HCl), resin dosage (2.5–20 g·L-1) and the source of the aqueous ionic strength. The load of Sb(III) onto the resin is attributable to an anion exchange reaction, being this process exothermic and spontaneous. Based in the experimental data, several modes were tested to explain loading kinetics, loading mechanism and loading isotherm, which respectively are the pseudo-second order kinetic model, the particle-diffusion controlled model and the Freundlich isotherm. The performance of the resin with respect to antimony load was compared against other anion exchanger resins and multiwalled.carbon nanotubes. It was found that water is an effective medium to remove antimony(III) from the metal-loaded resin.
Alguacil, F.J., Coedo, A.G., Dorado, T., Padilla, I. (2002). The removal of toxic metals from liquid effluents by ion exchange resins. Part I: chromium(VI)/sulphate/Dowex 1x8. Rev. Metal. 38 (4), 306-311. https://doi.org/10.3989/revmetalm.2002.v38.i4.412
Alguacil, F.J. (2002). The removal of toxic metals from liquid effluents by ion exchange resins. Part II: cadmium(II)/sulphate/Lewatit TP260. Rev. Metal. 38 (5), 348-352. https://doi.org/10.3989/revmetalm.2002.v38.i5.418
Alguacil, F.J. (2003). The removal of toxic metals from liquid effluents by ion exchange resins. Part III: copper(II)/sulphate/Amberlite 200. Rev. Metal. 39 (3), 205-209. https://doi.org/10.3989/revmetalm.2003.v39.i3.330
Alguacil, F.J., López, F.A., Rodriguez, O., Martinez-Ramirez, S., Garcia-Díaz, I. (2016). Sorption of indium (III) onto carbon nanotubes. Ecotox. Environ. Safe. 130, 81-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2016.04.008 PMid:27085001
Alguacil, F.J. (2017a). The removal of toxic metals from liquid effluents by ion exchange resins. Part IV: chromium(III)/H+/Lewatit SP112. Rev. Metal. 53 (2), e093.
Alguacil, F.J. (2017b). The removal of toxic metals from liquid effluents by ion exchange resins. Part V: nickel(II)/H+/Dowex C400. Rev. Metal. 53 (4) e105.
Alguacil, F.J. (2018a). The removal of toxic metals from liquid effluents by ion exchange resins. Part VI: manganese(II)/H+/Lewatit K2621. Rev. Metal. 54 (2), e116.
Alguacil, F.J. (2018b). The removal of toxic metals from liquid effluents by ion exchange resins. Part VII: manganese(VII)/H+/Amberlite 958. Rev. Metal. 54 (3), e125.
Alguacil, F.J. (2018c). The removal of toxic metals from liquid effluents by ion exchange resins. Part IX: lead(II)/H+/Amberlite IR120. Rev. Metal. 55 (1), e138.
Alguacil, F.J., Escudero, E. (2018). The removal of toxic metals from liquid effluents by ion exchange resins. Part VIII: arsenic(III)/OH?/Dowex 1x8. Rev. Metal. 54 (4), e132.
ATSDR (2017). Toxicological profile for antimony compounds. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, USA. Checked June 2019: https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp23.pdf.
Constantino, L.V., Quirino, J.N., Abrão, T., Parreira, P.S., Urbano, A., Santos, M.J. (2018). Sorption-desorption of antimony species onto calcined hydrotalcite: Surface structure and control of competitive anions. J. Hazard. Mater. 344, 649-656 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.11.016 PMid:29149765
Deng, R.-J., Jin, C.-S., Ren, B.-Z., Hou, B.-L., Hursthouse, A.S. (2017). The potential for the treatment of antimony-containing wastewater by iron-based adsorbents. Water-Sui 9 (10), article number 794. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9100794
Dupont, D., Binnemans, K. (2016). Antimony recovery from the halophosphate fraction in lamp phosphor waste: a zero-waste approach. Green Chem. 18, 176-185. https://doi.org/10.1039/C5GC01746G
López Diaz-Pavón, A., Cerpa, A., Alguacil, F.J. (2014). Processing of indium(III) solutions via ion exchange with Lewatit K-2621 resin. Rev. Metal. 50 (2), e010. https://doi.org/10.3989/revmetalm.010.
Mitrakas, M., Mantha, Z., Tzollas, N., Stylianou, S., Katsoyiannis, I., Zouboulis, A. (2018). Removal of antimony species, Sb(III)/Sb(V), from water by using iron coagulants. Water-Sui. 10 (10), article number 1328. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10101328
Multani, R.S., Feldmann, T., Demopoulos, G.P. (2016). Antimony in the metallurgical industry: A review of its chemistry and environmental stabilization options. Hydrometallurgy 164, 141-153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hydromet.2016.06.014
Naghizadeh, A., Kamranifar, M., Yari, A.R., Mohammadi, M.H. (2017). Equilibrium and kinetics study of reactive dyes removal from aqueous solutions by bentonite nanoparticles. Desalin. Water Treat. 97, 329-337. https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2017.21687
Qi, P., Pichler, T. (2016). Sequential and simultaneous adsorption of Sb(III) and Sb(V) on ferrihydrite: Implications for oxidation and competition. Chemosphere 45, 55-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.11.057 PMid:26688239
Sari, A., Tuzen, M., Kocal, ?. (2017). Application of chitosan-modified pumice for antimony adsorption from aqueous solution. Environ. Prog. Sustain. 36 (6), 1587-1596. https://doi.org/10.1002/ep.12611
Ungureanu, G., Santos, S., Boaventura, R., Botelho, C. (2015). Arsenic and antimony in water and wastewater: Overview of removal techniques with special reference to latest advances in adsorption. J. Environ. Manage. 151, 326-342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.12.051 PMid:25585146
USEPA (2011). Designation of hazardous substances. Subchapter D-water programs. Code for federal regulations. United States Environmental Protection Agency, USEPA 40 CFR 116. https://www.govinfo.gov/app/details/CFR-2011-title40-vol22/CFR-2011-title40-vol22-part116.
Wang, R., Li, G., Yang, Y., Shu, L., Jegatheesan, V., Wang, H., Yang, M. (2017). Study of the adsorption performance for fluoride by mesoporous silica loaded rare earth lanthanum (Ms-La) material. Desalin. Water Treat. 96, 104-111. https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2017.21473
WHO (2011). Guidelines for drinking-water quality. World Health Organization. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241548151_eng.pdf?ua=1.
Yang, K., Zhou, J., Lv, D., Sun, Y., Lou, Z., Xu, X. (2017). Preparation and Application of Iron-Based Composite Materials for the Removal of Antimony from Aqueous Solution. Progr. Chem. 29 (11), 1407-1421.
Zhu, Y., Wu, M., Gao, N., Chu, W., An, N., Wang, Q., Wang, S. (2018). Removal of antimonate from wastewater by dissimilatory bacterial reduction: Role of the coexisting sulfate. J. Hazard. Mater. 341, 36-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.07.042
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.© CSIC. Manuscripts published in both the printed and online versions of this Journal are the property of Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, and quoting this source is a requirement for any partial or full reproduction.
All contents of this electronic edition, except where otherwise noted, are distributed under a “Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International” (CC BY 4.0) License. You may read here the basic information and the legal text of the license. The indication of the CC BY 4.0 License must be expressly stated in this way when necessary.
Self-archiving in repositories, personal webpages or similar, of any version other than the published by the Editor, is not allowed.